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Class 10 Physics Chapter 8


Updated: 21 Dec 2023

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Class 10 Physics Chapter 8 introduces the concept of “Information and Communication Technology”. This is mainly chapter No. 17, “Information and Communication Technology”, of the book of Class 10.
This article consists of Notes, SLO Based Notes and MCQs of Physics, which cover your course, board papers and clear your Physics concept for different types of tests.

Class 10 Physics Chapter 8 Notes

Information and Communication Technology

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Class 10 Physics Chapter No. 17 Notes

Download Chapter No. 17 Notes

SLO Base Notes

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Class 10 Physics Chapter 17 SLO Base Notes

Download Chapter No. 17 SLO Notes

Class 10 Physics Chapter 8 MCQs

1. What does ICT stand for?
(a) Internet Computer Technology
(b) Information and Communication Technology
(c) Intelligent Computer Tools
(d) Integrated Communication Techniques
Show Answer

Information and Communication Technology


2. Which of the following best defines “Data”?
(a) Processed and meaningful information
(b) Software applications
(c) Unprocessed facts or figures
(d) Computer hardware components
Show Answer

Unprocessed facts or figures


3. Which of the following best defines “Information” in ICT?
(a) Raw and unstructured facts
(b) Organized and meaningful data
(c) Instructions for using hardware
(d) Physical components of a computer
Show Answer

Organized and meaningful data


4. What are physical computer components known as?
(a) Information
(b) Software
(c) Hardware
(d) Data
Show Answer

Hardware


5. Which of the following is considered a hardware component in ICT?
(a) Operating System
(b) Microsoft Word
(c) Spreadsheet software
(d) Keyboard
Show Answer

Keyboard

To Download Complete Notes of Physics Notes 10 Class, Click on the given link.

6. Which is a hardware component in ICT?
(a) Windows software
(b) Printer
(c) Internet browser
(d) Document file
Show Answer

Printer


7. What are machine-readable instructions that tell a computer what to do called?
(a) Information
(b) Hardware
(c) Software
(d) Data
Show Answer

Software


8. Which of the following is an example of software?
(a) Computer monitor
(b) Microsoft Word
(c) Computer mouse
(d) Central Processing Unit (CPU)
Show Answer

Microsoft Word


9. Which component of an ICT system involves written manuals and documents for use?
(a) Data
(b) Hardware
(c) Procedures
(d) Software
Show Answer

Procedures


10. Who is responsible for designing and operating software in an ICT system?
(a) Hardware components
(b) Data analysts
(c) Procedures and rules
(d) Human resources
Show Answer

Human resources


11. In a telephone system, what is the path through which information flows?
(a) Air
(b) Vacuum
(c) Wires
(d) Seawater
Show Answer

Wires


12. How is information transmitted in radio, television, and cell phones?
(a) As sound waves
(b) As electromagnetic waves
(c) Via vacuum tubes
(d) None of these
Show Answer

As electromagnetic waves


13. In which form does information travel through optical fibers?
(a) Electrical signals
(b) Sound waves
(c) Electromagnetic waves
(d) Light
Show Answer

Light


14. What are signals in term of information transmission?
(a) Electrical or electromagnetic representations of data
(b) Airborne particles
(c) Sound waves
(d) Paper documents
Show Answer

Electrical or electromagnetic representations of data


15. What is the process of communication that involves the propagation and processing of signals to transmit data/information?
(a) Encoding
(b) Decoding
(c) Telepathy
(d) Transmission
Show Answer

Transmission


16. What happens to data or information in a wire-based communication technology?
(a) It is converted to sound
(b) It is transmitted and received as electrical signals
(c) It is transformed into digital signals
(d) It is propagated through the air
Show Answer

It is transmitted and received as electrical signals


17. In wire-based communication, what is converted into electrical signals at the transmitter?
(a) Sound
(b) Video
(c) Digital data
(d) Text messages
Show Answer

Sound


18. Which types of wires are commonly used in telephone networks and cable television for transmitting information?
(a) Copper wires
(b) Fiber-optic cables
(c) Twisted pair wires
(d) Wireless connections
Show Answer

Twisted pair wires


19. Why are amplifiers required for analog signal transmission in electrical wires?
(a) To reduce signal strength
(b) To convert analog to digital signals
(c) To extend the range of the signal
(d) None of these
Show Answer

To extend the range of the signal


20. What is the role of repeaters in digital transmission through wires?
(a) To amplify the signals
(b) To repeat or regenerate the digital signal
(c) To convert analog signals to digital
(d) To introduce noise into the signal
Show Answer

To repeat or regenerate the digital signal


21. How does an optical fiber transmit a signal-encoded beam of light?
(a) Through conduction
(b) By using metal wires
(c) By radio waves
(d) By total internal reflection
Show Answer

By total internal reflection


22. What is total internal reflection, and in which medium does it occur in optical fibers?
(a) It’s the reflection of light off metal surfaces
(b) It’s the reflection of light within a medium with a higher refractive index
(c) It’s the reflection of light in the atmosphere
(d) It’s the reflection of light within a vacuum
Show Answer

It’s the reflection of light within a medium with a higher refractive index


23. Which type of light source is more cost-effective and has a longer operational life in fiber optic systems?
(a) Light emitting diode (LED)
(b) Injection laser diode (ILD)
(c) Fluorescent light
(d) Incandescent light
Show Answer

Light emitting diode (LED)


24. What advantage does the injection laser diode (ILD) offer over the light emitting diode (LED) in optical fiber systems?
(a) It’s less costly
(b) It operates over a greater temperature range
(c) It has a longer operational life
(d) It’s more efficient and can sustain greater data rates
Show Answer

It’s more efficient and can sustain greater data rates


25. In step-index multimode optical fibers, how does light propagate within the fiber core?
(a) It follows a straight path along the core axis
(b) It is absorbed by the surrounding material
(c) It travels in a helical path
(d) It is reflected due to total internal reflection
Show Answer

It is reflected due to total internal reflection


26. Which type of optical fiber is best suited for transmission over very short distances?
(a) Single-mode
(b) Graded-Index multimode
(c) Step-index multimode
(d) None of these
Show Answer

Step-index multimode


27. In single-mode optical fibers, under what condition can light pass through the core?
(a) At any angle
(b) At low angles
(c) At only a single angle or mode
(d) At high angles
Show Answer

At only a single angle or mode


28. Which type of optical fiber is best suited for transmission over very long distances?
(a) Single-mode
(b) Graded-Index multimode
(c) Step-index multimode
(d) None of these
Show Answer

Single-mode


29. In which type of networks are graded-index fibers often used?
(a) Wide Area Networks (WAN)
(b) Local Area Networks (LAN)
(c) Global Area Networks (GAN)
(d) Metropolitan Area Networks (MAN)
Show Answer

Local Area Networks (LAN)


30. How are electrical signals representing information transmitted through radio-waves?
(a) Through optical fibers
(b) Via microwave signals
(c) By converting them into electromagnetic energy
(d) By using satellite communication
Show Answer

By converting them into electromagnetic energy


31. What converts radio-frequency electrical energy from the transmitter into electromagnetic energy for radiating into the surrounding environment?
(a) Antenna
(b) Receiver
(c) Microphone
(d) TV camera
Show Answer

Antenna


32. What happens when electromagnetic energy falls on the antenna during signal reception?
(a) It is absorbed by the antenna
(b) It is converted into radio-frequency electrical energy
(c) It is transmitted back to the transmitter
(d) It is converted into sound waves
Show Answer

It is converted into radio-frequency electrical energy


33. What is the primary role of the antenna?
(a) To generate electrical signals
(b) To convert sound into radio-frequency energy
(c) To convert radio-frequency energy into electromagnetic energy
(d) To transmit and receive radio-frequency signals
Show Answer

To transmit and receive radio-frequency signals


34. In two-way communication, can the same antenna be used for both transmission and reception?
(a) Yes
(b) No
(c) Only in specific situations
(d) Depends on the antenna type
Show Answer

Yes


35. How are sound waves from a radio station changed into electrical signals for transmission?
(a) By using optical fibers
(b) Through a process of photosynthesis
(c) By a microphone
(d) By satellite communication
Show Answer

By a microphone


36. What does a communication satellite primarily serve as?
(a) A solar panel
(b) A relay station
(c) A microwave oven
(d) None of these
Show Answer

A relay station


37. What is the term for machines or devices used to carry information to distant locations?
(a) Telepathy devices
(b) Teleportation devices
(c) Telecommunication devices
(d) Telescopic devices
Show Answer

Telecommunication devices


38. Which of the following is considered a telecommunication device?
(a) Refrigerator
(b) Tea maker
(c) Fax machine
(d) Coffee maker
Show Answer

Fax machine


39. Which of the following is not a telecommunication device?
(a) Cell phone
(b) Photo phone
(c) Television
(d) Bicycle
Show Answer

Bicycle


40. What is the primary function of telecommunication devices?
(a) To prepare food
(b) To carry information to distant places
(c) To control the weather
(d) To play music
Show Answer

To carry information to distant places


41. What is the primary purpose of a fax machine’s sending part?
(a) To control a printer
(b) To scan documents
(c) To receive electrical pulses
(d) To transmit signals wirelessly
Show Answer

To scan documents


42. How does a fax machine represent black and white when transmitting information?
(a) Using different phone lines
(b) By scanning in color
(c) Through electric pulses
(d) By sending binary code
Show Answer

Through electric pulses


43. Approximately how long does it take to transmit a single page of writing with a fax machine?
(a) Seconds
(b) About a minute
(c) Around 30 minutes
(d) None of these
Show Answer

About a minute


44. What is the signal reception area around a cell phone tower typically called?
(a) Zone
(b) Sphere
(c) Cell
(d) Network
Show Answer

Cell


45. What is the primary function of a photo phone?
(a) Transmitting images
(b) Transmitting sound using light
(c) Transmitting radio signals
(d) Transmitting sound through cables
Show Answer

Transmitting sound using light


46. When did optical communications (OC) start gaining attention?
(a) Early 1950s
(b) Late 1960s
(c) Early 1970s
(d) Early 1980s
Show Answer

Late 1960s


47. What technology played a crucial role in boosting optical communications in the 1960s?
(a) Radio waves
(b) Radar
(c) Laser and laser diode
(d) Optical fibers
Show Answer

Laser and laser diode


48. How are modern computers able to perform various tasks?
(a) By manual input only
(b) Through voice commands
(c) Via computer programming and generalized sets of operations
(d) By using only arithmetic operations
Show Answer

Via computer programming and generalized sets of operations


49. What development in the 1970s contributed to optical communications using light?
(a) Radio amplification
(b) Development of low-loss optical fibers (OFs)
(c) Laser technology
(d) Computer miniaturization
Show Answer

Development of low-loss optical fibers (OFs)


50. An electronic device for processing and storing data, capable of carrying out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically through computer programming is called:
(a) A telecommunication device
(b) A gaming console
(c) A computer
(d) A microwave oven
Show Answer

A computer


51. What type of computer is known for being extremely large and is used in organizations for processing vast amounts of data?
(a) Personal computer
(b) Mainframe computer
(c) Laptop
(d) Desktop computer
Show Answer

Mainframe computer


52. What advantage does a mainframe computer have, making it capable of handling complex problem-solving efficiently?
(a) Portability
(b) Low cost
(c) Large memory and fast processor speeds
(d) Limited maintenance
Show Answer

Large memory and fast processor speeds


53. Which type of computer often has faster processors than laptops for the same price and is made up of separate components connected by wires?
(a) Personal computer
(b) Mainframe computer
(c) Laptop
(d) None of these
Show Answer

Personal computer


54. What is a notable disadvantage of laptops, making them less suitable for certain tasks?
(a) Lack of portability
(b) Limited battery life
(c) Fewer problems with overheating
(d) Inexpensive to operate
Show Answer

Limited battery life


55. What distinguishes a tablet from a laptop, focusing on user interface?
(a) Touch-screen typing
(b) Larger screen size
(c) Physical keyboard
(d) Operating system
Show Answer

Touch-screen typing


56. What is the disadvantage of tablets?
(a) Difficulty in touch-screen typing
(b) Quick to switch on
(c) Lack of downloadable applications
(d) Inability to make phone calls
Show Answer

Inability to make phone calls


57. What is a drawback of smart phones related to screen size?
(a) Better web browsing capability
(b) Difficulty in touch-screen typing
(c) Difficulty reading long documents
(d) Integration of contacts’ details
Show Answer

Difficulty reading long documents


58. What is the full form of E-mail?
(a) Electronic Memory
(b) Electrical Mailbox
(c) Efficient Message
(d) Electronic Mail
Show Answer

Electronic Mail


59. A worldwide system of computer networks is called:
(a) Games
(b) Internet
(c) Phone
(d) Computer
Show Answer

Internet


60. Which of the following requires electrical power for data storage and retrieval?
(a) Handwriting (paper documents)
(b) Phonographic recording
(c) DNA and RNA
(d) Electronic data storage
Show Answer

Electronic data storage


61. What is the primary function of primary storage devices in a computer?
(a) Store data permanently
(b) Hold data temporarily
(c) Provide external storage
(d) Store audio and video cassettes
Show Answer

Hold data temporarily


62. Which type of storage devices has the fastest data access speed?
(a) Primary storage devices
(b) Secondary storage devices
(c) USB storage devices
(d) Optical disk drives
Show Answer

Primary storage devices


63. Which of the following is an example of a primary storage device?
(a) Hard disk
(b) USB storage device
(c) RAM
(d) Optical disk drive
Show Answer

RAM


64. What is the primary characteristic of secondary storage devices?
(a) Small storage capacity
(b) Temporary data storage
(c) Large storage capacity and permanent data storage
(d) Exclusively external to the computer
Show Answer

Large storage capacity and permanent data storage


65. Which of the following is an example of a secondary storage device?
(a) RAM
(b) Cache memory
(c) USB storage device
(d) None of these
Show Answer

USB storage device


66. What is the primary composition of a floppy disk?
(a) Plastic carrier
(b) Optical material
(c) Metallic frame
(d) Ceramic substrate
Show Answer

Plastic carrier


67. How is data read and written from a floppy disk?
(a) Through a hard drive
(b) Using a floppy disk drive (FDD)
(c) Via optical disk drive
(d) By direct connection to a computer
Show Answer

Using a floppy disk drive (FDD)


68. What was one of the purposes of using floppy disks in the early days of personal computing?
(a) Storing multimedia files
(b) Distributing software
(c) Running complex algorithms
(d) Connecting to the internet
Show Answer

Distributing software


69. What is the storage capacity of a 3.5″ floppy diskette?
(a) 500 MB
(b) 1.44 MB
(c) 2 GB
(d) 5 MB
Show Answer

1.44 MB


70. What does CD stand for in term of storage media?
(a) Compact Disc
(b) Computer Data
(c) Code and Decode
(d) Central Drive
Show Answer

Compact Disc


71. What is a CD primarily used for?
(a) Playing music records
(b) Storing and playing back digital audio, video, and data
(c) Projecting holographic images
(d) Cooking recipes
Show Answer

Storing and playing back digital audio, video, and data


72. In term of storage media, what does DVD stand for?
(a) Digital Video Drive
(b) Data Versatile Disc
(c) Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc
(d) Diskette and Video Drive
Show Answer

Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc


73. How much data can a typical DVD store compared to a CD?
(a) Twice as much
(b) Four times as much
(c) Six times as much
(d) Ten times as much
Show Answer

Six times as much


74. What is the storage capacity of a standard DVD?
(a) 1.44 MB
(b) 700 MB
(c) 4.7 GB
(d) 2 TB
Show Answer

4.7 GB


75. What does USB stand for in term of a flash drive?
(a) Universal Serial Bus
(b) Ultra Storage Block
(c) User System Backup
(d) Unifying Storage Buffer
Show Answer

Universal Serial Bus


76. How does a flash drive connect to computers and devices?
(a) Infrared
(b) Bluetooth
(c) USB Type-A plug
(d) HDMI
Show Answer

USB Type-A plug


77. What distinguishes a flash drive from optical drives or traditional hard drives?
(a) It projects holographic images
(b) It has no moving parts
(c) It can cook recipes
(d) It uses data records for storage
Show Answer

It has no moving parts


78. What is the primary purpose of word processing software?
(a) Creating spreadsheets
(b) Manipulating text-based documents
(c) Editing images
(d) Designing graphics
Show Answer

Manipulating text-based documents


79. Which of the following is NOT a function of word processing software?
(a) Printing documents
(b) Formatting text
(c) Creating 3D models
(d) Correcting spelling and grammar
Show Answer

Creating 3D models


80. What is the primary goal of data management?
(a) Storing data
(b) Ensuring data accessibility, reliability, and timeliness
(c) Creating data
(d) Deleti
Show Answer

Ensuring data accessibility, reliability, and timeliness


ng data 81. In data management, what is the purpose of Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs)?
(a) Collecting data
(b) Analyzing data
(c) Ensuring consistency and adherence to procedures
(d) Deleting data
Show Answer

Ensuring consistency and adherence to procedures


82. Why is staff training essential in data management?
(a) To increase workload
(b) To adhere to SOPs
(c) To ignore data analysis
(d) To avoid data collection
Show Answer

To adhere to SOPs


83. What is the primary purpose of the Monitoring and Controlling process?
(a) Creating a project plan
(b) Comparing actual performance with planned performance
(c) Ignoring project metrics
(d) Minimizing project scope
Show Answer

Comparing actual performance with planned performance


84. When is the Monitoring and Controlling process performed throughout a project?
(a) Only at the beginning
(b) Only at the end
(c) Continuously throughout the project life
(d) At random intervals
Show Answer

Continuously throughout the project life


85. What corrective actions are taken in the Monitoring and Controlling process?
(a) Ignoring outcomes
(b) Taking no action
(c) Decreasing project scope
(d) Taking corrective actions to achieve desired outcomes
Show Answer

Taking corrective actions to achieve desired outcomes


86. What does the Monitoring and Controlling process aim to minimize?
(a) Project risks
(b) Project budget
(c) Project timeline
(d) Project scope
Show Answer

Project risks

Class 10 Physics MCQs (All Chapters)


Jawad Khan

Jawad Khan

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